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English Historical Semantics
Taschenbuch von Christian Kay (u. a.)
Sprache: Englisch

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EDINBURGH TEXTBOOKS ON THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE - ADVANCED Series Editor: Heinz Giegerich Books in this series provide readers with a detailed description and explanation of key areas in English Language study. The authors presuppose a basic working knowledge of the topic and explore aspects of the linguistics of English for an intermediate or advanced student readership. Providing an ideal introduction to historical semantics, this book offers graduate students and advanced undergraduate students in linguistics and English Language an accessible overview of structural and cognitive approaches to English historical semantics. Focusing primarily on Lexical Semantics, the study of word meaning, the book looks at how these approaches help to answer two key questions in Historical Linguistics: how and why languages change. Considering changes both in the meanings of individual word forms and in larger areas of the lexicon, English Historical Semantics illustrates how data can be found and analysed, and explores how Lexical Semantics interacts with other areas of linguistics. In particular, the book describes in detail two of the most significant resources in this field: the Oxford English Dictionary and the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary. By using empirical data to study historical semantics, the book provides students with essential tools to investigate new words entering the language, and to study language change. With extended case studies including colour and kinship terms, suggestions for further reading, and exercises designed to stimulate reflection and test understanding, this textbook is an invaluable resource and practical guide designed to help students navigate this large and fascinating field. Christian Kay is Professor Emeritus and Honorary Professorial Research Fellow in English Language at the University of Glasgow. Kathryn Allan is Senior Lecturer in the History of English at University College London. Cover design & illustration: riverdesign.co.uk [EUP logo] ISBN & barcode
EDINBURGH TEXTBOOKS ON THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE - ADVANCED Series Editor: Heinz Giegerich Books in this series provide readers with a detailed description and explanation of key areas in English Language study. The authors presuppose a basic working knowledge of the topic and explore aspects of the linguistics of English for an intermediate or advanced student readership. Providing an ideal introduction to historical semantics, this book offers graduate students and advanced undergraduate students in linguistics and English Language an accessible overview of structural and cognitive approaches to English historical semantics. Focusing primarily on Lexical Semantics, the study of word meaning, the book looks at how these approaches help to answer two key questions in Historical Linguistics: how and why languages change. Considering changes both in the meanings of individual word forms and in larger areas of the lexicon, English Historical Semantics illustrates how data can be found and analysed, and explores how Lexical Semantics interacts with other areas of linguistics. In particular, the book describes in detail two of the most significant resources in this field: the Oxford English Dictionary and the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary. By using empirical data to study historical semantics, the book provides students with essential tools to investigate new words entering the language, and to study language change. With extended case studies including colour and kinship terms, suggestions for further reading, and exercises designed to stimulate reflection and test understanding, this textbook is an invaluable resource and practical guide designed to help students navigate this large and fascinating field. Christian Kay is Professor Emeritus and Honorary Professorial Research Fellow in English Language at the University of Glasgow. Kathryn Allan is Senior Lecturer in the History of English at University College London. Cover design & illustration: riverdesign.co.uk [EUP logo] ISBN & barcode
Über den Autor

Christian Kay is Professor Emeritus and Honorary Professorial Research Fellow in English Language at the University of Glasgow. She was an editor of the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary, and A Thesaurus of Old English, and founded the Scottish Corpus of Texts and Speech. She has written on historical semantics and lexicography and contributed to projects on metaphor and semantic annotation based on the Historical Thesaurus of English dataset.

Kathryn Allan is Senior Lecturer in the History of English at University College London. Her research interests are in historical semantics and lexicology, and she is the co-editor of Historical Cognitive Linguistics and Current Methods in Historical Semantics. Her monograph Metaphor and Metonymy: A Diachronic Approach was published in the Philological Society series, and she is a collaborator on the Keywords Project

Inhaltsverzeichnis
Chapter 1: Introduction; Chapter 2: A brief history of the English lexicon; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Old English (OE: 700-1150); 2.3 Middle English (ME: 1150-1500); 2.4 Early Modern English (EModE: 1500-1750); 2.5 Late Modern English (LModE: 1750 to present day); 2.6 Conclusion: The Present Day; Chapter 3: Categories of meaning; 3.1. Introduction; 3.2 Traditional approaches to Semantics; 3.2.1 Reference; 3.2.2 Sense; 3.2.2.1 Sense relationships; 3.2.3 Components, sets and fields; 3.2.4 A note on homonymy; 3.2.5 A memory aid; 3.3 Categories and prototypes; 3.3.1 Prototypes in action; 3.3.2 Lexical prototypes; 3.3.3 Homonymy revisited; 3.4 Domains and frames; 3.5. Conclusion; Chapter 4: Tracing the development of individual words; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Introducing the OED; 4.2.1 OED1; 4.2.2 OED2; 4.2.3 OED3; 4.3 What the OED tells us; 4.3.1 manga2; 4.3.2 monster; 4.3.2.1 Formal history and etymology of monster; 4.3.2.2 Semantic history; 4.3.3 Overview; 4.4 Some other historical dictionaries; 4.4.1 Middle English Dictionary (MED); 4.4.2 Anglo-Norman Dictionary (AND); 4.4.3 Dictionary of the Scots Language (DSL); 4.4.4 Dictionary of Old English (DOE); 4.4.5 Other dictionaries; 4.5 Historical corpora; Chapter 5: How and why words change meaning; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 The significance of meaning change; 5.3 Studying semantic change; 5.4 The process of semantic change; 5.5 Categories of meaning change; 5.5.1 Widening (or broadening or generalisation) and narrowing (or specialisation); 5.5.2 Amelioration (or elevation) and pejoration (or deterioration or degeneration); 5.5.3 Metaphor and metonymy; 5.6 Grammaticalisation; 5.7 Why do words change meaning?; 5.7.1 External factors; 5.7.2 Internal factors: polysemy, homonymy, synonymy; 5.7.3 Stylistic factors; 5.8 Conclusion; Chapter 6: Larger categories; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 A brief history of thesauruses; 6.3 The structure of thesauruses; 6.3.1 Basic level and other categories; 6.3.2 Folk and expert categories; 6.4 Using HTOED; 6.4.1 The structure of HTOED; 6.4.2 Inside HTOED categories; 6.5 Conclusion; Chapter 7: English Colour Terms: A case study, C. P. Biggam; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 How to describe colour; 7.3 What are Basic Colour Terms?; 7.4 The evolution of basic colour categories; 7.5 The development of colour terms in English; 7.5.1 Old English (OE: 700-1150); 7.5.2 Middle English (ME: 1150-1500); 7.5.3 Modern English (ModE 1500-); 7.6 The changing nature of a basic category: BLUE; 7.7 Summary; 7.8 Conclusion; Chapter 8: Language and culture; 8.1 Introduction; 8.2 Linguistics and anthropology; 8.3 Pronouns of address; 8.4 Kinship; 8.4.1 Recent changes; 8.5 Time; 8.6 Conclusion; Chapter 9: Metaphor and metonymy; 9.1 Introduction; 9.2 Metaphor in language and thought; 9.3 Another kind of mapping: metonymy; 9.4 Metaphor and motivation; 9.5 Metonymy and motivation; 9.6 Conclusion; Chapter 10: The big picture and a look ahead; 10.1 Introduction; 10.2 The big picture; 10.3 Green as an example; 10. 4 Looking ahead; References; Glossary of key terms; Index
Details
Erscheinungsjahr: 2015
Rubrik: Sprachwissenschaft
Medium: Taschenbuch
Seiten: 224
Inhalt: Kartoniert / Broschiert
ISBN-13: 9780748644773
ISBN-10: 0748644776
Sprache: Englisch
Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert
Autor: Kay, Christian
Allan, Kathryn
Hersteller: Edinburgh University Press
Maße: 216 x 139 x 17 mm
Von/Mit: Christian Kay (u. a.)
Erscheinungsdatum: 31.10.2015
Gewicht: 0,284 kg
preigu-id: 105433861
Über den Autor

Christian Kay is Professor Emeritus and Honorary Professorial Research Fellow in English Language at the University of Glasgow. She was an editor of the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary, and A Thesaurus of Old English, and founded the Scottish Corpus of Texts and Speech. She has written on historical semantics and lexicography and contributed to projects on metaphor and semantic annotation based on the Historical Thesaurus of English dataset.

Kathryn Allan is Senior Lecturer in the History of English at University College London. Her research interests are in historical semantics and lexicology, and she is the co-editor of Historical Cognitive Linguistics and Current Methods in Historical Semantics. Her monograph Metaphor and Metonymy: A Diachronic Approach was published in the Philological Society series, and she is a collaborator on the Keywords Project

Inhaltsverzeichnis
Chapter 1: Introduction; Chapter 2: A brief history of the English lexicon; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Old English (OE: 700-1150); 2.3 Middle English (ME: 1150-1500); 2.4 Early Modern English (EModE: 1500-1750); 2.5 Late Modern English (LModE: 1750 to present day); 2.6 Conclusion: The Present Day; Chapter 3: Categories of meaning; 3.1. Introduction; 3.2 Traditional approaches to Semantics; 3.2.1 Reference; 3.2.2 Sense; 3.2.2.1 Sense relationships; 3.2.3 Components, sets and fields; 3.2.4 A note on homonymy; 3.2.5 A memory aid; 3.3 Categories and prototypes; 3.3.1 Prototypes in action; 3.3.2 Lexical prototypes; 3.3.3 Homonymy revisited; 3.4 Domains and frames; 3.5. Conclusion; Chapter 4: Tracing the development of individual words; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Introducing the OED; 4.2.1 OED1; 4.2.2 OED2; 4.2.3 OED3; 4.3 What the OED tells us; 4.3.1 manga2; 4.3.2 monster; 4.3.2.1 Formal history and etymology of monster; 4.3.2.2 Semantic history; 4.3.3 Overview; 4.4 Some other historical dictionaries; 4.4.1 Middle English Dictionary (MED); 4.4.2 Anglo-Norman Dictionary (AND); 4.4.3 Dictionary of the Scots Language (DSL); 4.4.4 Dictionary of Old English (DOE); 4.4.5 Other dictionaries; 4.5 Historical corpora; Chapter 5: How and why words change meaning; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 The significance of meaning change; 5.3 Studying semantic change; 5.4 The process of semantic change; 5.5 Categories of meaning change; 5.5.1 Widening (or broadening or generalisation) and narrowing (or specialisation); 5.5.2 Amelioration (or elevation) and pejoration (or deterioration or degeneration); 5.5.3 Metaphor and metonymy; 5.6 Grammaticalisation; 5.7 Why do words change meaning?; 5.7.1 External factors; 5.7.2 Internal factors: polysemy, homonymy, synonymy; 5.7.3 Stylistic factors; 5.8 Conclusion; Chapter 6: Larger categories; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 A brief history of thesauruses; 6.3 The structure of thesauruses; 6.3.1 Basic level and other categories; 6.3.2 Folk and expert categories; 6.4 Using HTOED; 6.4.1 The structure of HTOED; 6.4.2 Inside HTOED categories; 6.5 Conclusion; Chapter 7: English Colour Terms: A case study, C. P. Biggam; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 How to describe colour; 7.3 What are Basic Colour Terms?; 7.4 The evolution of basic colour categories; 7.5 The development of colour terms in English; 7.5.1 Old English (OE: 700-1150); 7.5.2 Middle English (ME: 1150-1500); 7.5.3 Modern English (ModE 1500-); 7.6 The changing nature of a basic category: BLUE; 7.7 Summary; 7.8 Conclusion; Chapter 8: Language and culture; 8.1 Introduction; 8.2 Linguistics and anthropology; 8.3 Pronouns of address; 8.4 Kinship; 8.4.1 Recent changes; 8.5 Time; 8.6 Conclusion; Chapter 9: Metaphor and metonymy; 9.1 Introduction; 9.2 Metaphor in language and thought; 9.3 Another kind of mapping: metonymy; 9.4 Metaphor and motivation; 9.5 Metonymy and motivation; 9.6 Conclusion; Chapter 10: The big picture and a look ahead; 10.1 Introduction; 10.2 The big picture; 10.3 Green as an example; 10. 4 Looking ahead; References; Glossary of key terms; Index
Details
Erscheinungsjahr: 2015
Rubrik: Sprachwissenschaft
Medium: Taschenbuch
Seiten: 224
Inhalt: Kartoniert / Broschiert
ISBN-13: 9780748644773
ISBN-10: 0748644776
Sprache: Englisch
Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert
Autor: Kay, Christian
Allan, Kathryn
Hersteller: Edinburgh University Press
Maße: 216 x 139 x 17 mm
Von/Mit: Christian Kay (u. a.)
Erscheinungsdatum: 31.10.2015
Gewicht: 0,284 kg
preigu-id: 105433861
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